Neethodu FSP


Imbibing the spirit of UN CRC and Guidelines, Constitution, National Policy for Children 2013, JJ ACT 2015 and Rules 2016, etc, Navajeevan firmly believes that, if supported and strengthened, even a marginalized family, being the basic component of society, becomes the natural environment for the growth, well-being and protection of children; that a child should not be separated from parents, except where such separation is necessary in the best interest of the child for various reasons.
Navajeevan hence, as part of repositioning, undertakes efforts towards family strengthening – equipping the leaders of the target communities and families, with information and skills on various legislation, case laws, govt schemes/programmes, etc. Thereby enable them to organize, demand and access their rights and entitlements, with special focus on child/women rights.

The FSP includes socio-economic-technical support:

1. Socio:

2. Economic:

3. Technical:

In spite of the best efforts by the state and the community, when a situation so arises to separate the child from the family, the child is received into Navajeevan’s direct/residential care but on a temporary basis, following the prescribed legal process. The child is accommodated in family style group care homes, providing opportunities of education/skill training & emotional support. Nonetheless, Navajeevan continues its efforts to prepare the child and strengthen the family for reunification with parents or the extended family. When that not possible, the child is motivated for family foster care, or adoption especially in the case of an orphan.
After the placement of children back to families, Navajeevan did continue the contact with children as well as providing provision kits to the most needy families, health/medical aid, etc.
In the month of June 2020, with the help of a survey tool, Navajeevan team conducted a Counselling cum Family Survey, visiting the parents or contacting the extended family members and made an assessment of the situation at home.
During the Survey, the team could not make contact with 40 families of children placed with families during the COVID lockdown. These families either went back to their native villages during the lockdown due to loss of livelihood and the other hardships, or inverse, some of them might have migrated to other places from their native villages in search of livelihood.
After the survey, the concerned team leaders and coordinators discussed the findings about children on one-to-one basis. Also, the Executive Director advised the team to undertake re-verification visits to some of the families and discussion with some of the children, so that right decisions are taken in the best interest of the child regarding their future while ensuring non-discrimination. There was also a meeting of the parents/close family members.
Finally, the team could evolve a participatory ‘Child Wise Plan’ with respect to 388 children, categorizing them into those who required “Full Support” & “Partial Support” & “No Support” and decided accordingly to continue provide varied forms of support as per the following definitions of the three Categories:
In collaboration with GOs and the likeminded local NGOs, all the 165 families/206 children, have to be followed up so that they are not forced into child labour, child marriage, or fallen victims to domestic violence and other forms of abuse, or to trafficking for domestic child labour, industrial/agricultural labour, or child sex work, etc. This intervention is very much relevant during and post COVID scenario as the families may tend to fall under these traps due to the loss of livelihoods, increased financial constraints and the acute poverty therewith.
Though the concept of the Family Strengthening (FS) primarily applies to the children who are home-integrated (those under categories of “partial Support” & “No Support”), it also applied to the category of children under “Full Support”/Navajeevan’s direct care in family style Group Care Homes or Foster families. This means that, from the very beginning when a child is placed under Navajeevan’s direct care, its team should undertake efforts to create a conducive atmosphere in the biological/extended family for a child to be re-united; if that not possible, to prepare the child for placement in a foster family, or for adoption especially in the case of orphans. Whatever may be the case, Navajeevan firmly believes that the Institutional Care is more harmful for the child’s growth and wellbeing, and hence, to be avoided.

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